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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 8, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america". >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. ♪ >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. >> i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's the perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic monts utterly unforgettable.
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>> i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> and now, "bbc world news america". ♪ >> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. thousands of syrian refugees fled thethe border, fighting, but turkey won't let them cross. an eight-year-old girl is pulled alive from the rubble and taiwan, a rare moment of hope in the hunt for survivors. 75 years after the u.s. and british joined forces to crack -- are backdern-day to mark the anniversary. ♪
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kathy: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. there is growing concern for the plight of syrian refugees trapped on the turkish border. most of them have fled the city of aleppo, where government forces have been advancing, helped by aggressive russian airstrikes. turkey, which has accepted more than 2 million refugees from syria, is now providing food and shelter for tens of thousands of people on the syrian side. the bbc reports. border,the side of the syria's war looks distant and contain. across the fence, this. today, hundreds more join the thousands who have fled aleppo. turkey, resisting letting in
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more, except the sick and wounded. he and two of his children woke up in this hospital days after their home and aleppo was flattened by an airstrike. he only realized this morning that his five-year-old is still alive. i couldn't believe no one was killed, he told me. , theow the weapons used bombs, and the massive destruction they caused. it has been five years, and i did not think we would be hit. what have these children done? >> the battle for the aleppo countryside is still underway, and the regime is winning. [sirens] >> the airstrikes are relentless.
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syrian president bashar al-assad 's forces gain ground, russian firepower speeding their advance. even here,o turkey, is worth paying for. to smugglers. his family are sick and hungry, but it is better than the constant threat of airstrikes. the russians have no mercy. they attack humans, animals, and stones. >> russian airstrikes are death, massacres, marketplaces and cafes targeting, syrians being killed, but no one cares. >> on the turkish side of the border, the war feels far away. is on a winning streak with the help of russian bombs, causing people to flee in the thousands, and they expect
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the worse is to come. if aleppo falls, it will be europe's problem, too. syrian families without shelter and children cary school bags are trapped in a no man's land. turkey says they will be allowed in when necessary, until then, they wait. there is no going back. for more on the situation inside syria and the international response, i spoke with nicholas burns. -- he ishat america's america's ambassador to nato. childrenlook at those covered in shrapnel wounds and families trying to get across the border, it is easy to understand why syrian refugees feel the international community has forgotten and let them down? >> i think that's right. this is a refugee crisis of
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historic proportions. syrians nowlion homeless. more than half the country is homeless, outside the country, refugees inside, like the people you show trying to flee the vicious fighting, and the indiscriminate bombing of the russian air force, iranian troops closing in, a terrible situation. there aren't a lot of good options, but we in the west need to do more to help these people. >> you have accused the white house of a lack of purpose and military strength in the face of this iranian-russian-syrian axis. what more would you want the u.s. to do? in a washington post op-ed adds that i've published last week that i published with jim jefferies, we have enormous respect for president obama. this is a difficult situation, but we are not meeting with strategic clarity and purpose.
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we are giving a lot of money to refugee relief, we and europe and canada, but not using our political and military weight to try to bring about the creation of humanitarian corridor sponsored by the united nations into the cities. there is starvation and some of the syrian cities. we have refused, the united states, to create a safe zone in northern syria along the turkish border that would help people flee your this would be a difficult option. we should challenge the russians to work with us in creating it. if they turned us down, the united states, europe, sunni-arab states, should go forward by putting soldiers on the ground inside a safe zone to protect it. what other alternative is there? if we don't act, these 12 million will become 14 million before we know it. >> there are other people saying the things you are saying now in the united states, that the white house needs to do more. in your conversation with people
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in the obama administration, do you get any indication that they are thinking of stepping up their engagement in syria? >> i think the u.s. has stepped up its engagement against the islamic state and other parts of syria, but here is a civilian crisis of massive proportions. that's were the obama administration has said they think it is too difficult. there are too many risks. these are difficult options to look at, but i keep coming back, as did jim jeffrey, my co-author in the piece we rode, what is the risk of an action? what if we don't do anything? what if we all allow the russians to bomb with impunity with iranian troops on the ground furthering the sectarian war? situation sixa months to one year from now where we must intervene. >> you think the united states is using maximum leverage against -- with president putin to stop the russian airstrikes? >> i don't think so.
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i think we could have said that we would sit out the diplomatic negotiations in geneva. we would not start them until those humanitarian couriers -- core doors would be established. that some of these besieged cities would be lifted so starving people could have food supplies brought in, so the refugees could have a place to go. i think that's where the west can use its leverage with president putin. we don't need to sit by and watch him bomb with impunity and with indiscriminate bombing, and that is what the russians are doing, kill a lot of civilians in the process, so i think we need to use our leverage, and at the russians won't go a long, i think turkey, the arab states, and the u.s. and canada, have the right to create -- it is creating a safe zone to support civilians and tried to protect civilians. >> thank you very much. those security challenges, including what to do in syria,
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will fall to the next american president. right now in new hampshire, they are deciding who that person should be. the democratic and republican candidates have just a few hours left until polls open in this important primary contest. our american editor in new hampshire joined me a short time ago. you listen to this discussion about syria, i wonder how much up there in new hampshire, national security concerns are part of the last-minute picture from both sides. >> you would imagine that a presidential election is fought on domestic issues, but what makes this one stand out is being so odd and so many ways. there has been this enormous focus on national security issues, on who would be fit on day one to face the challenges call atg to take that 3:00 in the morning. of majoren the focus concern about what you do about
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the islamic state, syria, the threat posed by north korea, and it has form the centerpiece of some of the biggest debates among the candidates, so in little new hampshire that is forming a big part of the backbone of this debate. are too many candidates, because were looking at an open race on the republican and democratic side, them.through all of tell me how much new hampshire matters and how much it will shape the democratic and republican nominees for the white house. >> i will give you the politicians answer. someone described to me the republican race as being donald trump on top and underneath a bowl of spaghetti. i thought that was a good description of what were facing on the republican side. it is very complex, but it is important from the for momentum into southern california -- south carolina and the southern states.
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vitally important for the people who think they have a chance, and that is obvously donald trump on the republican side, but also the front runner of the mainstream candidates. will it be marco rubio who will be in that position after iowa? or will other people come in? on the democratic side, this new hampshire should be hillary clinton strong ground. this is where the clintons have done traditionally very well. bill clinton the comeback kid in 1992. the polls suggest that hillary clinton is going to get a pummeling tomorrow at the hands of bernie sanders. that, trying to untangle ball of spaghetti for us. thank you very much. the search for survivors continues in taiwan after an earthquake on saturday collapsed a residential complex. 40 people are known to have died, over 100 more missing. three people, including a young girl, have been pulled from the
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rubble, and now rescue workers are trying to find more. the bbc's jonny dymond reports. >> at night, the x of it is moved in, -- excavators moved in, the hunt for survivors not over. they will try to open a tunnel that the search teams can use the the rubble. earlier in the day, some kind of miracle. after 60 hours trapped in the rubble, an eight-year-old girl is pulled into the light. thisof those inside 17-story block never had a chance. it just fell into it self when the earthquake struck in the small hours of saturday morning. died, are known to have more than 120 people are still missing. why did it fault when other buildings remained standing? perhaps because empty cooking oil containers were used as part
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of its construction, revealed by the force of the earthquake. hospital, taiwan's president elected visited some of those who escaped the collapse. taiwan's thoughts were with the cities he said, but the hospitals senior doctor says this time -- that time is running out for anyone still trapped. >> there is still a chance of rescue, he said, but without warm clothing, without food and cold, they are stuck. after a while, they will die in cold or from hunger. still rescues. hope is not yet lost. and, the search for survivors goes on, but it is nearly four days now since the blocks ts slept.s residen in the ruins, and darkness, time
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is running out. jonny dymond bbc news. desperate by the hour. other news, president obama asking congress for more than $1.8 billion in emergency funding to tackle the zika virus. it will help control populations, develop a vaccine, and improve support for pregnant women on low incomes. the illness has surged through latin america, and is feared to spread further in the spring. the government in somalia has released footage which it says shows two men handing over a package to a man suspected of detonating a bomb on a plane. one of the men was an airport worker. the blast blew i whole inside the plane after it took off last week for mogadishu. the suspected bomber was killed when he was sucked out of the hole. facebook suffered a blow in india. the country's telecom regulator has blocked its free basics
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internet service as part of a ruling in favor of net neutrality. the free content included local news and weather forecasts. the bbc and wikipedia campaigners argued that data provided should not favor some online services over others. incredible footage has been looseed of a leopard inside an indian school over the weekend. the leopard is thought to have wandered in from a nearby forest. no children present, but several people injured during the hours it took to contain the animal. we have more. some of these images are disturbing. >> it is not what you expect to see every day, and certainly not inside a school. a leopard on the loose. it apparently entered the school early in the morning, probably from a nearby forest. luckily, there were no children around. flee, bute managed to some had to try to capture it.
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this for streak official came close to being seriously mauled, but managed to fend the leopard off. he sustained arm injuries, but incredibly was able to walk away , and no one else was seriously injured. it took the authorities 10 hours to capture the animal. to bele leopard, thought 5-6 years old, was eventually tranquilized. it is now being moved to a game reserve. india has some 12,000 leopards. there have been a few instances of them string into urban areas, especially as india's force are being encroached upon to build new settlements for its surging population. astonishing and terrifying. you are watching "bbc world news america". still to come, in new hampshire, candidates pressing for every last mode, and that involves
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signing a refrigerator. don't worry. we will explain. ♪ filmmakers have been criticized after staging an explosion on a bus in central london. onlookers took the social media to express therefore after seeing -- express their horror after seeing the bus exploding. they were unaware of the filming for the new jackie chan film. the bridge had been closed and warnings had been issued to local residents before it was carried out. our entertainment correspondent reports for us. >> sunday morning, then this. some knew it was actually a film stunt. many did not. including the national police air service flying overhead. freaked.nearby were posted,ices were but were they enough?
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this mp was watching with his family. he thinks people's reaction might make film makers think again. >> i would be surprised to see something like this happen again without that are notification. yesterday was on such a scale and the explosions are horrific that that showed a lack of sensitivity and problems with communication. >> some passing by were less concerned, happy that they had been given enough information. >> we were walking along millbank and we saw a sign notifying us that they were filming. on,new something was going and then we thought the aftermath of whatever they had been filming on the bridge. that movie makers considering similar filming in the future will probably consider whether scenes like this are appropriate, and if they are, the degree of notice
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that needs to be given to the public. ♪> 75 years ago, a group of americans travel to britain on a top-secret wartime mission. the destination was a country estate near oxford. that visit led to one of the most important intelligence relationships in history. havehe country spy chiefs marked the anniversary with a unique visit back. our security correspondent was there. two of the most powerful spy chiefs in the world marking the birth of a special relationship. the head of americas nsa and britain's gchq arrived 75 years on from another american visit that pave the way for the codebreakers of today. four americans came here on a
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secret mission in 1941, before america had even entered the second world war. the current directors were shown around the re-created office, where they met british counterparts after a dangers crossing. strafed by been german fighter aircraft, driven , thenh bombed out docks through the blackout to a country house in what must it seemed like the middle of nowhere, certainly to be greeted by a lady carrying a tray with glasses of sherry. tothe americans were here share their success against japanese codes, whilst the british reveal their secrets, that they had broken the german enigma machine. >> we had different expertise and learn from each other. perhaps the americans learned from our british colleagues more , but we had strengths against japanese targets that the british had not yet have the
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time or manpower to develop. deepurse, the british had insights into german cryptology that the americans had no concept of. years ago, britons and americans work here side-by-side breaking codes, and the trust and close relationship built during those years has persisted into the cold war and through to the modern-day, building one of the closest intelligence relationships the world has seen. corporation with the nsa is controversial in some quarters. the revelations of edward snowden raised questions about the scale and secrecy, but the two organizations directors said the alliance was vital. >> i don't think there is any doubt. each of us consider the other the strongest partner we have in the world, and we realize we are facing a global set of challenges that takes each of us working together to generate that for each of us. >> no one faces this alone.
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there is no closer relationship and we have, it is the rock of our security. >> 75 years on, this relationship is one that has lasted, but which still remains largely secret. remembering the codebreakers of the second world war. the u.s.orted earlier, presidential candidates are traveling to every corner of new hampshire in search of votes ahead of tomorrow's primaries, but the conway daily sun hopefuls, presidential have been dropping by since 2008 to meet the editorial staff. they are not allowed to leave without leaving their signature on a refrigerator in the corner, icebox one as it is known. >> it is our office refrigerator, brought in by a local retailer 10 years ago because the staff needed a refrigerator. ♪
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>> somebody has a nice lunch counter in a county store, and candidates go every four years. we decided we had to do something. we have this office refrigerator, which is basically a white, plain old refrigerator that everyone keeps their lunch in. about that, we will have them ask the candidates to sign that. ♪ we have had 31 people sign the refrigerator. hillaryo-timers, clinton, mitt romney, and ron paul. if you're signing twice, it does not guarantee you will win the election. pretty much everyone except donald trump, so we regretfully don't have him, but the campaign
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told us that the reason he can't is becausear north there is no place for his 757 to land, so they have to do well in new hampshire and iowa, and that is the way our system works. so it is that classic retail politicking, where they meet the public one-on-one, sort of like a joke that everybody -- if they don't see their favorite candidate three times, they have not seen them enough yet. the refrigerator now -- we have used three sides, three election cycles, and we would like to place it somewhere. ,t really is americana memorabilia, and an incredible expense for small-town newspaper like us to interview these candidates one-on-one. ♪ >> a refrigerator waiting for trump and his private plane. you can find out more about the presidential race is on a website and full analysis of the new hampshire primaries and alive page which keeps track of events as they happen from our /news.all there at bbc.com
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tomorrow night we will be coming live from new hampshire. that brings the program to a close. thank you for watching. do turn in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. ♪ >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. >> i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's the perfect, stunning
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backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable. >> i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening. i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff . >> ifill: on the newshour tonight: countdown to the new hampshire primary. we hear the candidate's final pitches a day before voting. >> woodruff: also ahead: why nato and the u.s. plan on beefing up military forces against russia. >> ifill: and miles o'brien on the ground in brazil, the center of the zika virus outbreak. >> trying to solve the medical problem won't be enough. you have to change the quality of people's life. otherwise, you will not solve this problem. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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